Frequently Asked Questions

Bioidentical Hormone Replacement Therapy

How often can I get a lipo shot?


You can come in once a week or every 5 days!




Will these shots make me lose weight?


No. These shots will not make you lose weight. However, they do add in your weight loss efforts to help the body speed up the breakdown of fat. On average, our patients who do our weight loss plans with shots lose 11.2 lbs more than those who do not.




What is the difference between B12 and Lipo?


B12 shots are primarily used to increase vitamin B deficiency, resulting in a boost of energy. The lipotropic injections have multiple benefits including both fat burning and energy boosting.




How do the lipotropic injections help with fat burning?


These injections are made up of three amino acids, Methionine, Inositol and Choline. They work as catalyst to speed up the fat burning process and aid in weight loss.





Low T

What is the Difference Between Near and Far Infrared?


To begin with, infrared heat is the invisible part of the sun’s spectrum, which has the ability to gently and comfortably penetrate human tissue to produce a host of health benefits like boosting your immune system. Naturally occurring from the sun, it is the basis for all Sunlighten™ saunas. Infrared light also comes in several forms. Each form offers unique wellness perks that together provide a holistic approach to better mind and body. Learn about how near infrared differs from far infrared, and how each benefit you.Near InfraredNear infrared technology used in Sunlighten Infrared Saunas is similar to the infrared used in cosmetic and healing devices. The LED technology we use allows our heaters to produce consistent near infrared without extreme heat or light, making it a safe option for near infrared use. Near infrared waves have a shorter frequency range and penetrate the epidermis layer of the skin. This is how near-infrared is able to impact your body at the cellular level, encouraging tissue growth, speeding up muscle recovery and strengthening your immune system.Far InfraredBecause far infrared sauna therapy heats the body directly rather than simply warming the air, it raises the core body temperature and produces a deep, detoxifying sweat at the cellular level, where most toxins reside. Your sweat then pushes out the toxins, cleansing your body and rejuvenating your skin. Far infrared also aids in blood pressure reduction and weight loss, along with a wide range of other health benefitsTo add a new question go to app settings and press "Manage Questions" button.




Can Infrared Sauna Therapy help Blood Pressure?


Only Sunlighten saunas are backed by clinical research that shows a reduction in systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Both are key factors in maintaining a healthy heart. As part of a blood pressure therapy program, regular use of a Sunlighten infrared sauna is good for your heart! In the U.S. alone, one in three adults suffers from heart disease, stroke or some other form of cardiovascular disease in their lifetime. High blood pressure increases your risk of getting heart disease, kidney disease or serious stroke.




Can Infrared Sauna Therapy help Blood Flow?


As a health sauna, Sunlighten heats your muscles with infrared rays and produces an increase in blood flow similar to regular exercise. In fact, blood flow during infrared sauna use has been reported to rise from a normal rate of 5-7 quarts per minute to as much as 13 quarts per minute. The elevation in body temperature from a Sunlighten sauna session also produces an increase in blood flow that mirrors the benefits of a passive cardiovascular workout. Regular infrared sauna use – especially in the mid-infrared range – has been shown to significantly stimulate blood flow, even after your health sauna session is completed. A cardio workout has never been so relaxing! Another benefit of improved circulation from Sunlighten sauna use is quick muscle recovery – after your regular workouts. The increased peripheral circulation from our infrared heat reduces inflammation, decreases pain and speeds healing, all important steps in helping the body recover from strenuous activity.




Can Infrared Sauna Therapy help with Pain Relief?


Sunlighten infrared sauna heat works by penetrating joints, muscles and tissues, increasing circulation and speeding oxygen flow. By reducing soreness on nerve endings, our infrared heat reduces muscle spasms and helps the body heal itself naturally. For years, doctors have recommended Sunlighten saunas because of proven relief from sports injury, chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia, arthritis and other chronic pain conditions.




Can Infrared Sauna help with Relaxation and Stress Relief?


Studies show that high levels of stress have great impact on the brain. From memory problems to anxiety to learning difficulties, the effects of stress on the mind are immense. Neuroscientists have shown that chronic stress can even cause differences in grey and white matter in the brain, as well as the size and connectivity of the amygdala. High levels of stress can even impact the amount of neurons found in the brain. Relax and reduce mental stress with Sunlighten™. Our infrared therapy soothes your mind by enveloping your body in relaxing warmth. Our saunas are designed for maximum comfort, allowing you to not only loosen your body, but loosen your mind. Practicing mindful meditation while in a sauna therapy session can also help with mental stress reduction. Alone time is maximized with a sauna therapy session, giving you an opportunity to reflect and move on from the stressors of the day.




Can Infraed Sauna help with Skin Purification and Rejuvenation?


Rejuvenate your skin while also receiving all of the other health benefits associated with Sunlighten’s leading infrared sauna therapy. A study published in The Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy showed significant improvements in skin appearance after just 12 weeks of sauna skin therapy using near-infrared technology. Participants experienced a reduction in wrinkles and crow’s feet, as well as improved overall skin tone, including softness, smoothness, elasticity, clarity and firmness. Sunlighten’s Solocarbon 3-in-1® is the only infrared sauna heater on the market with LED near-infrared light therapy! In fact, it comes with an anti-aging program that is designed from this study!




Can Infrared Sauna help with Weight Loss?


Our saunas help you lose weight by detoxifying the body and burning calories while you relax in total comfort. Maintaining a healthy weight is important to your overall quality of life. That’s no secret. In fact, a 10-year study published by The New England Journal of Medicine discovered that the circumference of your waist alone is a critical factor for assessing the risk of premature death. In other words, by maintaining a healthy weight, you may be able to live a longer, healthier life.




What are the Health Benefits of Infrared Sauna Detox?


Sweating is good for you. Sweating is one of the body’s safest and most natural ways to heal and maintain good health. And that’s why every Sunlighten detox sauna is specifically designed to promote a deep, healthy and natural detoxifying sweat. “Detoxification is important because it strengthens the body’s immune system and helps the body’s biochemical processes function efficiently so that we are better able to digest the nutrients in our foods. Detoxification has also been shown to be helpful with colitis, chronic fatigue, fibromyalgia, auto-immune disease, immune deficiency states, autism, ADD and ADHD.” – Dr. Rachel West




Can Near Infrared help with Wound Healing?


Our advanced Solocarbon Custom Spectrum heating technology has the unique ability to heal wounds faster and minimize scarring through the use of near infrared LEDs. No other sauna can do this. Skin plays a vital role in the protection of our bodies from the external environment. When broken, it is important repair it quickly to prevent infection or further problems. Saunas have not been able to provide the benefit of wound healing…until now.





Weight Loss

How can I get started on weight loss?


We offer free consultations Monday through Friday to discuss the weight loss options available for you.




Do you only work with obese patients?


No. We offer a variety of weight loss plans that can be customized to lose 5 pounds or 100+ pounds, depending on the goals of the individual.




Will I get prescribed appetite suppressants?


The medical provider will determine during your visit if appetite suppressants are right for you.




Can I drink alcohol?


We want to create the very best experience and results for your weight loss journey. Alcohol consumption can slow down the weight loss process and keep you from reaching that desired goal. With that in mind the choice is ultimately yours!




Can I start on a medically supervised weight loss program if I am a diabetic?


There are weight loss options available for diabetics. The provider will review your lab results and determine which plan is best for you.





Lipo Shot

How often can I get a lipo shot?


You can come in once a week or every 5 days!




Will these shots make me lose weight?


No. These shots will not make you lose weight. However, they do add in your weight loss efforts to help the body speed up the breakdown of fat. On average, our patients who do our weight loss plans with shots lose 11.2 lbs more than those who do not.




What is the difference between B12 and Lipo?


B12 shots are primarily used to increase vitamin B deficiency, resulting in a boost of energy. The lipotropic injections have multiple benefits including both fat burning and energy boosting.




How do the lipotropic injections help with fat burning?


These injections are made up of three amino acids, Methionine, Inositol and Choline. They work as catalyst to speed up the fat burning process and aid in weight loss.





Botox / Fillers

How long does Botox last?


Botox typically lasts 3-4 months. Usually 3 months as you first start and eventually, lasting longer.




When will I notice my results?


Botox will start to take effect 3 days after treatment, with optimal results seen at 2 weeks




Does Botox hurt?


No. The needle is very small and goes in at a superficial level




Can I go back to work after Botox?


Yes. Immediately post treatment you will have some welts at the injection site but they typically subside in thirty minutes.




How big is the needle?


A very thin 30G needle is used for Botox injections




How does Botox work?


Botox works by disrupting the communication between muscles to cause temporary paralysis.




How long does filler last?


Like most things, this varies. Where your filler is placed, what product is used, how severe the correction is, all effect how long the filler will last. Typically, most fillers last between 9-12 months.




How many filler syringes do I need?


You need to meet with your injector to discuss what your cosmetic goals are and what it will take to achieve that. Many factors, including the patients facial structure and volume loss will impact the syringes needed.




Can I use the same syringe to treat everywhere?


Probably not. Unless the areas of improvement are very minor one syringe is not enough product to spread to multiple treatment areas.




What filler is the best?


The best filler is the one that is appropriate for the area. The filler that’s best for the undereye hollows is not the same as the filler used to build volume in the cheeks.





Infrared Sauna

What is the Difference Between Near and Far Infrared?


To begin with, infrared heat is the invisible part of the sun’s spectrum, which has the ability to gently and comfortably penetrate human tissue to produce a host of health benefits like boosting your immune system. Naturally occurring from the sun, it is the basis for all Sunlighten™ saunas. Infrared light also comes in several forms. Each form offers unique wellness perks that together provide a holistic approach to better mind and body. Learn about how near infrared differs from far infrared, and how each benefit you.Near InfraredNear infrared technology used in Sunlighten Infrared Saunas is similar to the infrared used in cosmetic and healing devices. The LED technology we use allows our heaters to produce consistent near infrared without extreme heat or light, making it a safe option for near infrared use. Near infrared waves have a shorter frequency range and penetrate the epidermis layer of the skin. This is how near-infrared is able to impact your body at the cellular level, encouraging tissue growth, speeding up muscle recovery and strengthening your immune system.Far InfraredBecause far infrared sauna therapy heats the body directly rather than simply warming the air, it raises the core body temperature and produces a deep, detoxifying sweat at the cellular level, where most toxins reside. Your sweat then pushes out the toxins, cleansing your body and rejuvenating your skin. Far infrared also aids in blood pressure reduction and weight loss, along with a wide range of other health benefitsTo add a new question go to app settings and press "Manage Questions" button.




Can Infrared Sauna Therapy help Blood Pressure?


Only Sunlighten saunas are backed by clinical research that shows a reduction in systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Both are key factors in maintaining a healthy heart. As part of a blood pressure therapy program, regular use of a Sunlighten infrared sauna is good for your heart! In the U.S. alone, one in three adults suffers from heart disease, stroke or some other form of cardiovascular disease in their lifetime. High blood pressure increases your risk of getting heart disease, kidney disease or serious stroke.




Can Infrared Sauna Therapy help Blood Flow?


As a health sauna, Sunlighten heats your muscles with infrared rays and produces an increase in blood flow similar to regular exercise. In fact, blood flow during infrared sauna use has been reported to rise from a normal rate of 5-7 quarts per minute to as much as 13 quarts per minute. The elevation in body temperature from a Sunlighten sauna session also produces an increase in blood flow that mirrors the benefits of a passive cardiovascular workout. Regular infrared sauna use – especially in the mid-infrared range – has been shown to significantly stimulate blood flow, even after your health sauna session is completed. A cardio workout has never been so relaxing! Another benefit of improved circulation from Sunlighten sauna use is quick muscle recovery – after your regular workouts. The increased peripheral circulation from our infrared heat reduces inflammation, decreases pain and speeds healing, all important steps in helping the body recover from strenuous activity.




Can Infrared Sauna Therapy help with Pain Relief?


Sunlighten infrared sauna heat works by penetrating joints, muscles and tissues, increasing circulation and speeding oxygen flow. By reducing soreness on nerve endings, our infrared heat reduces muscle spasms and helps the body heal itself naturally. For years, doctors have recommended Sunlighten saunas because of proven relief from sports injury, chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia, arthritis and other chronic pain conditions.




Can Infrared Sauna help with Relaxation and Stress Relief?


Studies show that high levels of stress have great impact on the brain. From memory problems to anxiety to learning difficulties, the effects of stress on the mind are immense. Neuroscientists have shown that chronic stress can even cause differences in grey and white matter in the brain, as well as the size and connectivity of the amygdala. High levels of stress can even impact the amount of neurons found in the brain. Relax and reduce mental stress with Sunlighten™. Our infrared therapy soothes your mind by enveloping your body in relaxing warmth. Our saunas are designed for maximum comfort, allowing you to not only loosen your body, but loosen your mind. Practicing mindful meditation while in a sauna therapy session can also help with mental stress reduction. Alone time is maximized with a sauna therapy session, giving you an opportunity to reflect and move on from the stressors of the day.




Can Infraed Sauna help with Skin Purification and Rejuvenation?


Rejuvenate your skin while also receiving all of the other health benefits associated with Sunlighten’s leading infrared sauna therapy. A study published in The Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy showed significant improvements in skin appearance after just 12 weeks of sauna skin therapy using near-infrared technology. Participants experienced a reduction in wrinkles and crow’s feet, as well as improved overall skin tone, including softness, smoothness, elasticity, clarity and firmness. Sunlighten’s Solocarbon 3-in-1® is the only infrared sauna heater on the market with LED near-infrared light therapy! In fact, it comes with an anti-aging program that is designed from this study!




Can Infrared Sauna help with Weight Loss?


Our saunas help you lose weight by detoxifying the body and burning calories while you relax in total comfort. Maintaining a healthy weight is important to your overall quality of life. That’s no secret. In fact, a 10-year study published by The New England Journal of Medicine discovered that the circumference of your waist alone is a critical factor for assessing the risk of premature death. In other words, by maintaining a healthy weight, you may be able to live a longer, healthier life.




What are the Health Benefits of Infrared Sauna Detox?


Sweating is good for you. Sweating is one of the body’s safest and most natural ways to heal and maintain good health. And that’s why every Sunlighten detox sauna is specifically designed to promote a deep, healthy and natural detoxifying sweat. “Detoxification is important because it strengthens the body’s immune system and helps the body’s biochemical processes function efficiently so that we are better able to digest the nutrients in our foods. Detoxification has also been shown to be helpful with colitis, chronic fatigue, fibromyalgia, auto-immune disease, immune deficiency states, autism, ADD and ADHD.” – Dr. Rachel West




Can Near Infrared help with Wound Healing?


Our advanced Solocarbon Custom Spectrum heating technology has the unique ability to heal wounds faster and minimize scarring through the use of near infrared LEDs. No other sauna can do this. Skin plays a vital role in the protection of our bodies from the external environment. When broken, it is important repair it quickly to prevent infection or further problems. Saunas have not been able to provide the benefit of wound healing…until now.





Chemical Peels

How is the Vi Peel different from other peels?


Without exception, obsolete peels of the past epitomize the “No pain, no gain” approach to skin care. Before the Vi Peel the deeper the peel, the more painful, the more downtime, the better the results. The VI Peel is the first peel to combine the strongest and most effective acids, yet it’s virtually painless with little downtime.




How many treatments are required to show an improved look?


A single Vi Peel will achieve significant repair and add a healthy glow to the skin. Some conditions like acne scars, pore enlargement and hyper pigmentation might require multiple applications. It is a restorative and painless repair of damaged skin, including sun damage and acne. Best of all, it is a true aging preventative for younger skin with no visible damage.




Will results be long lasting?


Like everything else in life, skin needs maintenance. The Vi Peel’s results will last as long as skin is maintained with the Vi Derm Skin Care Line. The VI Peel should be performed three to four times per year.




What types of skin respond well to the Vi Peel?


The many innovations that created the Vi Peel combine to allow ALL skin types to enjoy the benefits of the peel. For the first time, African-American and darker skin types such as Asian and Latin patients can experience anti-aging and restorative skin repair previously unavailable.




How much preconditioning of the skin is required?


The Vi Peel requires no preconditioning of the skin associated with older generation peels that can take three to five months.




Does it burn?


Not really. You will feel a slight stinging sensation for a few seconds which subsides almost immediately. The peel is applied topically, and numbing of the skin takes place after the first pass. Some patients may feel more comfortable using a fan or cold air breeze.




How badly will I peel?


The skin peeling associated with the Vi Peel is a light, fluffy peel that will start on day three and generally be finished by the end of day four. The peeling is easily hidden by moisturizer. In some cases, the peel is virtually invisible. Patients using Retin A may experience heavier peeling. The peel can be modulated by your skin care provider to produce a deeper, more aggressive peel, if necessary, depending on your skin condition.




What will I look like right after the Vi Peel and during the next few days?


The skin will look slightly tan, yellow or red immediately after the peel. On days one and two the skin will feel slightly tighter, with no visible signs of having had a peel. Any pigmented areas might appear slightly darker. On approximately day three, you will begin to peel. The first signs of peeling usually begin around the mouth area and continue for a day or two. With the use of the Vi Derm™ moisturizer, you may go about your usual daily routine. By day six or day seven you will be done peeling and the results are dramatic! If a more aggressive peel was performed, a secondary peel might occur around day seven.




What about normal activities after the Vi Peel?


There are no restrictions. We recommend avoiding heavy sweating for the first few days after the peel. Normal activities can be resumed immediately after the peel.




What will the Vi Peel do for my skin?


It tackles skin problems at the cellular level rather than just burning skin off. Thanks to the concerted actions of its many acids and vitamins, it will help erase fine lines and wrinkles, shrink enlarged pores and build collagen and elastin which tighten skin. It is extremely effective in reducing or eliminating hyper pigmentation including melasma, the most difficult pigmentation issue to correct. The Vi Peel also provides excellent results for acne.




How many peels are needed?


The peel may be repeated as often as every two weeks initially, if necessary, for damaged skin and problematic skin. Our recommendation for maintenance of average skin would be once every three months to prevent damage and aging of the skin. Your doctor or skin care professional will evaluate your skin, as well as your goals and expectations and make an appropriate recommendation for ongoing skin care.




Can I wear makeup after the Vi Peel?


While the long term goal is to eliminate the need for makeup, it may be worn at any time after the peel solution has dried completely (two hours or more post peel).




What about the hands or chest?


The Vi Peel is incredibly effective in removing sunspots from the hands, arms and chest and eliminating the wrinkles associated with sun damage on the décolletage. The peeling process is different and longer than for the face. Please ask your provider for more information.




How long will the Vi Peel take?


Your appointment will take only about 30 minutes or less.




What kind of final results will I see after a single Vi Peel?


It takes about four days after you finish peeling for the skin to return to its normal PH and to see the final effects. The skin will look luminous and glowing. Hyper-pigmentation will be improved or eliminated, depending on the amount of damage. Tone and texture will be improved for a more youthful, radiant appearance.




What should be used on the skin in conjunction with the Vi Peel?


The Vi Derm™ Skin Care System or SkinMedica should be used on a daily basis to maintain the results of the Vi Peel.




Does the Vi Peel make the skin thinner?


No. By sloughing off the old skin and forcing the body to recreate new skin at a faster rate in a sequence faster than its own rate, the skin actually thickens, stimulating the underlying structure to make more collagen and elastin.




Will my skin be more sensitive after the Vi Peel?


The skin will be more sensitive during the peeling process itself. You may experience up to four days of sensitivity until PH of the skin is replenished.




Will the Vi Peel tighten neck skin?


The skin on the neck responds well. The Vi Peel has proven to help improve texture and quality with gradual softening of the lines and some tightening effects. The peeling process and results are different from the face.




What other areas can the Vi Peel be performed on?


The neck, arms, hands and chest all respond well to a Vi Peel.




Can I go in the sun after the Vi Peel?


Sun exposure should be limited and VI Derm SPF 30 with CLA should be used liberally. However, the Vi Peel was created to be practical. The only days where exposure to the sun should be seriously avoided are days three and four, when the skin is peeling, to avoid uneven exposure. After that, you can enjoy moderate sun exposure, continuing regular skin care maintenance and daily sun protection.




What about exercise after the Vi Peel?


Again, the Vi Peel was created to be practical. The solution must be left on the skin for two hours prior to exercising, washing it off immediately before commencing exercise. Please avoid heavy sweating for the first few days after the peel.




Are teenage acne sufferers too young for the Vi Peel and would it help their acne?


Dr. Kalil originally formulated the Vi Peel for his fifteen year old daughter, an acne sufferer. The peel is excellent for both adult and adolescent acne. We have effectively peeled acne patients as young as twelve years old. Results are quick and very impressive. Combined with a daily skin regimen, almost all acne cases can be successfully managed. Your provider has access to advanced protocols. Please note that treating acne scars will require a series of peels.




I just had a peel and I love my results! What can I do to make sure my skin stays beautiful?


Maintenance is essential. Just like we brush our teeth in between dentist visits, we must care for our skin in between peels! Using the VI Derm system guarantees that you will not only keep your VI Peel results, but that you will also improve the texture,suppleness, and clarity of your skin. If the VI derm system is not used after your peel, then you can expect the results to diminish quicker.





Skinceutical Skin Care

What are SkinCeuticals Topical Vitamin-C products?


SkinCeuticals Topical Vitamin-C products are an innovative skin care line featuring stabilized Lascorbic acid at a low pH. Originally developed as a preventative skin care treatment to protect skin from environmental damage, SkinCeuticals Topical Vitamin-C products, over time, visibly improve skin clarity, tone and texture and minimize the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, leaving skin with a firmer, smoother, younger looking appearance.




What is the science supporting SkinCeuticals Topical Vitamin-C products and how do they help the skin?


Everyday skin is exposed to environmental elements like sunlight, smoke and air pollution which cause oxy radicals to form in the skin. These oxy radicals attack the skin's collagen layer and break it down, causing lines and wrinkles to appear.




What is SkinCeuticals Topical Vitamin-C High Potency Serum 15?


SkinCeuticals Topical Vitamin-C High Potency Serum 15 contains fifteen percent concentration of stabilized L-ascorbic acid at an acid pH in a cosmetically elegant formulation. The specific ingredients in SkinCeuticals Topical Vitamin-C High Potency Serum 15 are L-ascorbic acid (vitamin-C) and zinc sulfate, an antioxidant that aids in tissue repair. Other ingredients include purified water, bioflavinoids, and sodium hyaluronate




What products are included in the SkinCeuticals family of Topical Vitamin-C products and how do I know which products are best for my skin type?


In addition to Topical Vitamin-C High Potency Serum 15 which contains a fifteen percent concentration of L-ascorbic acid, the SkinCeuticals Topical Vitamin-C skin care line includes Topical Vitamin-C High Potency Serum 10 with a ten percent concentration of L-ascorbic acid, and Topical Vitamin-C Eye Gel with a five percent concentration of L-ascorbic acid. The higher concentrations are for use on the face, neck, hands, chest and problem spots and the lower concentrations are for use around the delicate eye area. The serum and the gel products are suitable for most skin types. For dry, sensitive or mature skin, SkinCeuticals also offers their Topical Vitamin-C in a cream version. Topical Vitamin-C Skin Firming Cream contains a ten percent concentration of L-ascorbic acid and Topical Vitamin-C Eye Cream contains a five percent concentration of L-ascorbic acid. All five SkinCeuticals Topical Vitamin-C formulations work optimally with SkinCeuticals Hydrating B5 Gel, which contains hyaluronic acid - - the skin's natural moisturizer - - to help replenish moisture lost during any topical vitamin-C treatment.




Rather than use SkinCeuticals Topical Vitamin-C products, can't I just rub oranges on my skin or take more vitamin-C tablets?


No. SkinCeuticals Topical Vitamin-C products contain vitamin-C in the form of L-ascorbic acid at a precise acid pH which allows it to be absorbed by the skin. No matter how much vitamin-C one ingests, body control mechanisms tightly limit the amount of vitamin-C that can enter the skin through ingestion. Until Dr. Pinnell and his colleagues at Duke proved that L-ascorbic acid at low pH is necessary for vitamin-C to be absorbed by the skin, the only way to feed the skin vitamin-C was through diet or vitamin supplements. Duke University research shows that stabilized L-ascorbic acid at low pH delivers 20 to 40 times more vitamin-C to the skin than can be achieved by diet or by supplement. Research also shows that Vitamin-C is necessary to stimulate collagen synthesis.




What is the difference between SkinCeuticals Topical Vitamin-C products and other skincare products which feature vitamin-C as an ingredient?


SkinCeuticals Topical Vitamin-C products contain stable L-ascorbic acid at a low pH, which allows vitamin-C to be absorbed by the skin. Most commonly marketed products utilize vitamin-C derivatives such as ascorbyl palmitate and magnesium ascorbyl phosphate, which must be converted to L-ascorbic acid in order to be used by the skin. To be effective, vitamin-C derivatives must first get into the skin and then must be chemically converted by the skin's cells into L-ascorbic acid. Because the skin is difficult to penetrate and the enzymes necessary to convert these derivatives into L-ascorbic acid are not always available, derivatives are not very effective in delivering vitamin-C into the skin. It is the Duke patented technology and the stability technique developed by Dr. Sheldon R. Pinnell and his colleagues which renders the SkinCeuticals Topical Vitamin-C products effective. In addition, SkinCeuticals Topical Vitamin-C products are designed to reduce the temporary stinging sensation that was inherent in early topical vitamin-C formulations.




Can I use SkinCeuticals Topical Vitamin-C products with alpha and beta hydroxy acids, retinoids (including Retin A and Renova) and other popular skin care products?


Generally, yes, although it is recommended that you consult your doctor or skin care professional to be certain. SkinCeuticals Topical Vitamin-C products should not be used at the same time of day as these other products. The recommended regimen is an application of SkinCeuticals Topical VitaminC products in the morning and use of other acid or retinoid based products at night.




How often should SkinCeuticals Topical Vitamin-C products be applied?


Like daily vitamins, the recommended regimen for SkinCeuticals Topical Vitamin-C products is one application per day to help diminish the appearance of fine lines. Using the products more than once a day may cause irritation. Therefore, they should only be applied more frequently if directed by a skin care professional. Because topical vitamin-C photo protects the skin from harmful UVA and UVB rays, daytime application is ideal. Duke University research shows that once topical vitamin-C gets into skin, it cannot be washed, rubbed, or perspired off and it remains active for up to 72 hours. Therefore, SkinCeuticals Topical Vitamin-C products are ideal for active individuals and athletes who spend a good amount of time outdoors.




How soon does an average user see results?


SkinCeuticals Topical Vitamin-C products will start to be absorbed by the skin almost immediately. Because these vitamin-C products were developed as a preventative treatment with the goal of protecting the skin from further environmental damage, the skin should benefit the moment the vitamin-C is applied. Vitamin-C is necessary for the production of collagen, the major structural protein of the skin and although visible differences will not be seen for approximately two months, you may notice a visible difference in skin texture, color and tone in as early as a few days. The appearance of fine lines and wrinkles should become less noticeable within three to eight months. Individual results may vary, depending upon the condition of the skin at the time of initial use




Do I need to change my skin care regimen and how do I use the products?


No. This is what makes SkinCeuticals topical vitamin-C formulations so unique. SkinCeuticals Topical Vitamin-C products can be used in conjunction with any skin care regimen. Given the precise formulation of SkinCeuticals Topical Vitamin-C products, it is important to apply them only onto clean, dry skin. Do not mix immediately with other products; simply wait a few minutes for the SkinCeuticals Topical Vitamin-C product to be absorbed, then proceed with the rest of your skin care regimen. SkinCeuticals Topical Vitamin-C products are not moisturizers, so a water-based moisturizer should be applied afterwards to prevent dryness. Since the SkinCeuticals Topical Vitamin-C High Potency Cream and Eye Cream already contain moisturizing ingredients, it may not be necessary to use an additional moisturizer with these products. However, to further protect skin from the harmful effects of the sun, a sunblock such as SkinCeuticals Daily Sun Defense or Ultimate UV Defense should be used with any vitamin-C product. Daily Sun Defense SPF 20 is a state-of-the-art sunblock and lightweight daily moisturizer. Formulated with two of the most innovative and effective sunscreen ingredients available, it features a five percent concentration of Z-Cote® , a transparent, micronized form of the proven broad spectrum physical sunscreen ingredient, zinc oxide and sunCaps®, a patented micro-encapsulated form of the sunscreen ingredient octyl methoxycinnamate for true broad spectrum protection against harmful UVA (aging) and UVB (burning) radiation, including long range UVA which is now proven to cause photoaging and is linked to skin cancers. Specially formulated for photo-sensitive skin, Ultimate UV Defense SPF 30 combines a never before available seven percent concentration of Z-Cote with sunCaps to provide the ultimate defense against UV radiation. Ultimate UV Defense is ideal for individuals with conditions of increased photosensitivity, as well as for individuals exposed to tropical climates, high altitudes or prolonged sun exposure.




To what extent have SkinCeuticals Topical Vitamin-C products been used by the public?


Today, there is a network of thousands of dermatologists, plastic surgeons, and licensed estheticians that recommend SkinCeuticals Topical Vitamin-C to their patients daily. Many individuals now benefit from the stabilized L-ascorbic acid technology. SkinCeuticals Topical Vitamin-C products are physician recommended and patient preferred, with the number of satisfied users continuing to grow.




Are there any side effects associated with SkinCeuticals Topical Vitamin-C products?


Less than one-tenth of one percent of all people using SkinCeuticals Topical Vitamin-C products has had any difficulties. Some individuals experience a mild stinging when the product is first applied, which is attributable to the high acidic concentration necessary to get the L-ascorbic acid (vitamin-C) into the skin. Many individuals find this sensation subsides with continued use, specifically as the skin begins its natural healing process. SkinCeuticals' extraordinary Topical Vitamin-C products are specially formulated to benefit the skin with less discomfort. This unique stabilization process provides higher concentrations with minimized irritation.




Are there precautions to be taken when using SkinCeuticals Topical Vitamin-C products?


Yes. Due to a high concentration of vitamin-C and the acidic nature of the product, it is important to follow the instructions carefully. Products should be applied only to clean, dry skin and users should avoid placing the product directly on the eyelids. It also is recommended that contact lens wearers insert their contacts before application, or that they apply the product at night after their contacts have been removed.




Is this product suitable for use on all skin types and colours?


Yes.




Is it safe to go out into the sun with SkinCeuticals Topical Vitamin-C products?


Yes. As a matter of fact, research shows that topical vitamin-C offers photoprotective qualities. However, it is important to note that topical vitamin-C is not a sunscreen, so additional sun protection is still necessary. Most individuals find the ideal time to apply vitamin-C is in the morning, because during the day you are more susceptible to sun exposure and L-ascorbic acid provides photoprotection from UVA/UVB radiation. The best combination to prevent photoaging is to use SkinCeuticals Topical Vitamin-C in conjunction with a true broad spectrum sunblock such as SkinCeuticals Daily Sun Defense SPF 20 or Ultimate UV Defense SPF 30.




What should consumers look for when choosing a topical vitamin-C product?


Consumers should look for a product that lists L-ascorbic acid as the leading ingredient, in either a fifteen or ten percent concentration for the face and a five percent concentration for the eyes. In evaluating any topical vitamin C skin care product, the following questions should be asked: • Is the vitamin C in the form of L-ascorbic acid (the only true form of vitamin C the body can use)? • If yes, is the L-ascorbic acid at low pH so it penetrates skin? • If yes, is the L-ascorbic acid at high enough concentration to have an effect? • Is the preparation both color and L-ascorbic acid stable (the color should never be brown)? • Finally, is the product backed by science All SkinCeuticals Topical Vitamin-C products feature the Duke patented technology for stable Lascorbic acid at an acid pH, in concentrations ranging from five to fifteen percent, in cosmeticallyelegant formulations. All SkinCeuticals products are backed by science.